The Care and Planting Of Bare Root Roses

By Stan V. Griep
Master Rosarian-Rocky Mountain Region ARS
Colorado Native Rosarian 40 plus years experience
Member of: American Rose Society, The Denver Rose
Society, Northern Colorado Rose Society

This is a great time of year to take a look at bare root rosebush care and planting.
Many of us have either already received some bare root rosebushes or will be within the next several weeks.

When I first get my bare root roses I open up the packing box and check each one out thoroughly. Take a good look at each rosebush from the tip of the canes to the bottom of each root. Broken or perhaps moldy looking root areas are pruned off. Broken canes are pruned back to good healthy looking cane tissue if need be. Many of the bare root rosebushes will be in fine shape and truly fine looking specimens. Some unfortunately will not. If we get bare root roses that have some beat up and badly broken canes or canes with splits or lesions upon them, or the roots are damaged in some way or are covered with molds or funguses, we need to contact the customer service folks at the company we ordered them from and let them know. Many times the company really does not know what condition roses may have been shipped out in. They do have standards yes, but when things get very busy trying to get the orders out the standards can slip. I have received bare root roses that were not packed correctly and thus were dry as an old bone laying out in the desert sun when they arrived! Some of the roots snapped off as they were removed from the packing box. There are, at times, some roots that are damaged and it will not hurt the bush to just prune the damaged portion off.

I like to have at least two five gallon buckets of water ready at the time of inspection of my new bare root rosebushes. One is for a quick dip rinse and the other is for soaking the bare root roses. In the soaking bucket I have lukewarm to cool water up to about two inches of the top of the bucket. I like to add a tablespoon or 2 of a product called Super Thrive to the soaking water as well as have a “tea bag” of the Haven Brand Moo Poo Tea soaking in there. Place the bare root rosebushes into the bucket and allow to soak for 24 to 48 hours. More than one such soaking bucket may be needed so as not to overcrowd the rosebushes in the soaking bucket. The soaking is very important to allow the root system to soak up plenty of water to get them well hydrated and thus ready for optimum performance once planted in their new homes. Submerging the union area of the canes partially or totally will not hurt a thing and can help their moisture level as well.

Once they have been nicely soaked it is time for planting them. No matter what area you live in, cold climate or warm climate, I still recommend planting the rosebushes with the union area of the canes at least two inches below what will be the final grade line around the rosebushes. In cold climates this helps in their protection from temperature fluxuations during the winter season, in the warmer climates this will give the bushes a solid base so that they are not as easily whipped about by the wind. Wind rocking can do some real damage to the root system of rosebushes, not to mention the total uprooting in strong sustained winds.  If planted when the weather may still dip down very low, mound the planting soils up onto the canes or place a wall-o-water unit around/over them for protection until the weather evens out. Once planted, I prune two to three inches of the canes off and seal the ends with either Elmer’s white multipurpose glue or the Tacky Glue from a hobby/craft store. The fun part then begins in waiting for the rosebushes to send out their new growth leading to those beautiful bloom smiles!

Tips: Blending some Kelp Meal into the planting soils for the bareroot rosebushes gives them a nice snack to get them growing well. Water the rosebushes in after planting with some water that has a root stimulator product in it too.


Distant Drums – New Rosebud
Stan V Griep
SVG Photography Of 2016


Powdery Mildew, Watch Out For It!

Powdery Mildew on Rosebushes 
By Stan V. Griep – Consulting Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
Member: The American Rose Society, The Loveland Rose Society &
The Denver Rose Society


Powdery mildew on roses will form what looks like a white powder over the surface area of the rose leaves/foliage, and it may also spread to the stems and new rose buds. It can disfigure the leaves and they will not come back to their normal shape even after the powdery mildew has long since been killed. Powdery mildew loves to attack the fresh new foliage of rose bushes but will also attack all of the rosebushes foliage, it can also stunt the bud growth causing disfigured blooms and left unchecked will prevent the bud from opening. Warm dry days followed by cool humid nights are perfect conditions for an outbreak of powdery mildew.

Powdery mildew can be a very tough customer in the rose bed, spreading from one infected rosebush to other rosebushes quickly if left unchecked. Some varieties of rose bushes are very resistant to this fungus while others seem to attract it. I have seen Mister Lincoln hybrid tea roses with severe cases of powdery mildew that were planted right next to a Honey Bouquet floribunda rose bush that had no signs of the powdery mildew on it. In today’s rosebush market, there are several rose bushes that are listed to be disease resistant. This means just that, they are “resistant” to disease but that does not mean they will not contract a disease in the right conditions. However, if one wants to have less disease problems with their roses, seeking out the disease resistant varieties may well be worth the effort, this holds true when looking at powdery mildew. Some rosebushes are specifically listed to be highly resistant to powdery mildew, such as Honey Bouquet, Just Joey, Electron, Voodoo, Tournament of Roses, Europeana, Pope John Paul II, and Scentimental to name just a few.

Using a good earth friendly product like Green Cure sprayed upon our rosebushes at the Prevention Rate every 10 to 14 days is a very good idea. If your rosebushes do happen to get some powdery mildew started, spray them ASAP with some Green Cure at the Cure Rate. The instructions for both application rates are on the product label. Some garden websites speak of what they call the “Cornell Formula” for use as a homemade cure for powdery mildew on rose bushes. The ingredients given on these websites, for the supposed “Cornell Formula”, calls for baking soda and dish soap along with another ingredient or two. I have even seen cooking oil listed for use in the “Cornell Formula” mix! While baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) does have some ability to work against the fungal infections, problems that arise with the “homemade” mixes can be due to the dish soap and the cooking oil in these mixes. Some dish soaps will burn the leaves of the rose bush and can even act against the effects of the baking soda. Cooking oil easily separates itself from the mix enough that it is sprayed onto the foliage in a concentrated form, thus clogging leaf pores and leading to severe leaf burn or leaf scorch. For that reason I do not recommend using any such homemade mixes for fungus treatments on rosebushes. Here is a link to some great information on the Green Cure website for you as well:

The website also lists places where the product can be purchased on-line. It is easy to buy Green Cure at or at Planet Natural online as well.

Keep an eye on your wonderful rosebushes as any disease or pest attack upon them that is caught early on, is far easier to gain control of. I also highly recommend that you water your rosebushes well the night or day before the application of any fungicide, miticide or insecticide. A well hydrated rosebush is far less likely to have any sort of negative reaction to a given spray application.

Photos of Powdery Mildew on Rosebush Leaves:

Powdery Mildew on Rose Foliage. I
Powdery Mildew on Rose Foliage. I


Powdery Mildew on Rose Foliage - II
Powdery Mildew on Rose Foliage – II

Kelp Meal Tea Tonic For Our Roses

Kelp Meal Tea Tonic For Rosebushes

Stan V. Griep
Consulting Rosarian
American Rose Society – Rocky Mountain District
Member: American Rose Society
                The Loveland Rose Society
                The Denver Rose Society

We have all seen and heard about the energy drinks on the market today, some are useful to help give us a needed pick-me-up. Others are not so good and can cause more harm than good. Well here is a pick-me-up tea tonic for our rosebushes. The nutrients list for kelp meal is a long one, seemingly jam packed in fact as we all know. The roses really do love their kelp meal as they respond so nicely to it when they get a feeding of it. Without further ado here is how I make my kelp meal tea rose booster tea tonic;

I bought a water or drink tumbler with a wide mouth opening on it and screw on lid with no straw or straw hole in it for the soaking process. I add cool tap water to the tumbler so that it is about 1/3 full. A cup and ¼ of Down To Earth Kelp Meal is then added to the tumbler (you can use more kelp meal if so desired depending on the size of your tumbler as well as your kelp meal of choice).  Add another 1/3 of cool tap water, screw on the lid tightly and shake the contents up well. Open the tumbler up and add enough cool tap water to nearly fill the tumbler. I leave just a bit of air space to allow for the next good shake up of the contents. Screw the lid back on and shake the contents up very well again. The shaking allows all of the dry kelp meal to get well mixed in with the water. Sit the tumbler in a cool place for at least an hour. Shake the tumbler contents at least once more at some point during the hour sitting time.

Once the kelp meal has become well re-hydrated it is ready for the next step in the process. I like to add a little Super Thrive to the tea as well just for a bit more nutrients but you do not have to do so.  The items you will need to get ready to make up the tea are: a clean five gallon bucket or buckets depending upon how much tea you need to make for feeding all of your roses and plants, a smaller clean painters bucket, a tablespoon measuring spoon, a large water dipper with long handle, a bottle of Super Thrive and a watering wand hooked up to the garden hose and water spicket.

Move all of the items out to the garden mixing area and enough tap water to each of the five gallon buckets such that they are only about 1/3 full. Dump the rehydrated kelp meal in the tumbler out into the small painters bucket, this will require more than one shake to get most of it out. There will still be some liquid left in with the kelp meal, pour this liquid off into the waiting five gallon bucket of water or split it equally among all of the five gallon buckets of water using a finger or two to hold back the kelp meal. Now take the tablespoon measuring spoon and add a good tablespoon of the rehydrated kelp meal per gallon to each five gallon bucket. Thus 5 tablespoons of the rehydrated kelp meal to each bucket, stir it up well in the bucket with the watering wand or a long stick. Now add 1 tablespoon of Super Thrive to each of the five gallon buckets of water and kelp meal. Stir it up again. Place the watering end of the watering wand into the five gallon bucket of kelp meal and super thrive mix and fill the bucket(s) up to within an inch or so of the top of the bucket(s). Move the watering wand around in opposing directions as you fill the bucket(s) with more water from the bottom up. This helps get the kelp meal mixed well into the water in the buckets. Once the bucket(s) are full of water our tea is ready to be served to our awaiting rosebushes.  Can you hear them all saying, “Me first please, me first!!”   (smile)

Carry the bucket or buckets of the tea mix to strategic areas of easy access to your rosebush areas. Using the long handled big water dipper, stir the contents of the bucket and draw out a nice dipper full of the tea. Give each rosebush about four dippers of the tea depending upon the amount your dipper holds. My dipper holds 32 ounces of liquid so it works out to a gallon of the tea per large rosebush. For the miniature rose bushes I use 2 dippers of the tea per bush, which is the same amount I give to our other flowering plants such as the clematis and sun roses. Keep stirring the tea with the dipper too prior to each dipping out of the tea.

Watering the rosebushes lightly the day before this kelp tea feeding is recommended, as the light watering helps disperse the tea down into the soils better where the awaiting feeder roots can take it up nicely.

Make some tea up for other plants and shrubs with any of the remaining rehydrated kelp meal in the small painters bucket or apply the kelp into other garden areas and mix it into the soils well. Do not try to save any of the left over rehydrated kelp meal as it can go bad rather quickly and it is best to start with a fresh batch each time. I rinse out my tumbler container and the small painters bucket into one of the final five gallon buckets of the tea mix so that the containers are nice and clean for the next use.

The rosebushes and other plants will love the boost of nutrients, especially if given to them right after a big bloom cycle. It also makes for a great early Spring wake-up call boost too.

Betty Boop – Floribunda Rose Stan V. Griep SVG Photography-2016
Betty Boop – Floribunda Rose
Stan V. Griep
SVG Photography-2016

What Are Guard Petals?

What Are “Guard Petals”?                  

By Stan V. Griep
Colorado Native Rosarian 40+ years                                           
ARS Certified Consulting Rosarian
Denver Rose Society Member
Loveland Rose Society Member
American Rose Society Member

The outer petals on our roses are called the Guard Petals. Guard Petals on roses are the outer and usually larger petals that protect the inner petals of the bloom still to unfold (See illustration pic below.). The guard petals are quite often wilted or have charred/black edges and need to be removed to reveal the pretty new bloom smile behind them. Florists will usually remove the guard petals if the roses are going to be used the same day, as they take away from the beauty of the rose bloom. Many florists and companies raising the roses that are shipped to florists will leave the guard petals on the roses to protect the buds during transit so the rose blooms will be fresh upon arrival.

When we see blackened or wrinkled outer petals on our roses it is typically a sign that the Guard Petals were doing their job of protecting the inner petals for a new beautiful bloom. These guard petals are there to endure damaging late frosts, high heat, wind whipping and other weather challenges that are dished out in our various garden climate zones. The intense sun’s rays (UV) of summer can be too much for even the guard petals to endure and we will see brown crispy edges on our blooms at times. It just is not possible for the rosebushes root system to move enough fluids to the far outer edges of the petals to prevent such petal edge burning. In most cases though the guard petals take a real beating so that the inner petals may unfold open to present a bloom smile that shines and makes our hearts fill with delight.

In some cases these outer guard petals can become water logged so to speak during times of very wet weather. Then when the sun comes out it can dry the buds too quickly which locks the guard petals together. The bud will look rich and full, yet will not open, turns perhaps slimy to the touch, then dies and falls off. If this condition is found soon enough, the guard petals can be gently and carefully removed such that the inner petals will still unfold into a beautiful bloom to enjoy. The guard petals do their best but cannot stop some insect attacks, such as boring insects that will bore or chew through them and make holes and damaged spots on the rose petals of the rose bloom. Thus we must do our part to help stop the insect issues as early as possible in order to save the blooms we enjoy. In some cases this means the use of a systemic insecticide or miticide to truly get protection against the beauty robbing bugs.

The next time you see the charred looking or wrinkled outer petals on your blooms, thank your guard petals for a Job Well Done in doing their duty and then carefully peel them off of the bloom to enjoy the full beauty of the bloom smiles concerned.


Guard Petals Illustrated Stan V Griep SVG Floral Photography Of 2016
Guard Petals Illustrated
Stan V Griep
SVG Floral Photography Of 2016


"Take Time To Smell The Roses..."
Take Time To Smell The Roses…



Fun & Interesting Information About Roses On-Line – I

Searching on-line for interesting information on roses is fun to do. Here are a few things I found on my recent search, compiled here for your enjoyment as well;

Little Known Facts About Roses
The Rose is the symbol of beauty and loveliness worldwide. An integral part of our culture, they have been associated with paintings, music, and literature since the dawn of history. Admired, appreciated, and linked with all kinds of human activities, it would be difficult to locate an individual who could not recognize a rose. This best known and most loved of all cultivated plants; it is truly the queen of all flowers. Roses are the standard of perfection by which all other flowers are judged, and they are blooming big business. Here are a few interesting facts about the flower and the business of roses few people are aware of;
1. A single rose cost $3.75 in 1878. When adjusted for today’s inflationary rate, that same rose would cost $93. Today the average cost of a dozen long stemmed red roses delivered to impress or show appreciation to that special someone cost around $80.
2. 60% of the 1.5 billion cut roses imported and sold in the United States come from Colombia South America. Thirty years ago, only 7% of all cut roses sold in the U.S. were imported.
3. There are more than 15,000 different varieties of cultivated rose species worldwide. The Barbara Streisand, a lavender hybrid tea with a pink blush, was selected by Ms. Streisand after she auditioned 3 hybrids for 2 years in her own garden which is filled with 1200 roses.
4. Among the 50 U.S. states; Georgia (The Cherokee Rose), Iowa (Wild Prairie Rose), New York (Rose), Oklahoma (Oklahoma Rose) and North Dakota (Wild Prairie Rose) list the rose as their state flower.
5. There are rules that must be honored when naming newly cultivated species of roses. The International Cultivator Registration Authority limits new rose species name to a maximum of 30 letters and 10 syllables.
6. The ultimate flower gift would be a dozen long stemmed rose variety named for the receiver. Wouldn’t you agree? The minimum price a nursery charges to create and name a rose variety specifically is $15,000. Here is a novel gift idea for the person that has everything.
7. The most expensive privately developed rose specie is the Juliet. An English breeder spent 15 years and $5.5 million dollars to cultivate this apricot colored variety. Juliet was the first of David Austin’s Cut Roses.
8. After nearly 18 years of research, the Blue rose has been successfully cultivated. This was accomplished by inserting a pansy gene into a mauve rose. The Japanese firm Suntory achieved what had long been thought to be impossible. This new blue rose variety, named Applause, is expected to arrive in U.S. flower shops soon. I has been estimated the blue rose will generate over $305 million in annual revenue.
9. Around Valentine’s Day, the average price of roses increases 42%, on average. This past Valentine’s Day, 214 million roses were sold in the United States. Nearly 60% of those the roses that were sold that day were red.
The rose’s majestic form, gorgeous coloring, and delightful fragrance is incomparable. Even her thorns command respect. Is it any wonder why it consistently maintains the pinnacle in the flower business as the most beloved and requested flower gift. “A rose by any other name would it smell as sweet?”
A Rose by Any Name: The Little-Known Lore and Deep-Rooted History of Rose Names by Douglas Brenner and Stephen Scanniello
Product name SUNTORY blue rose APPLAUSE
Reference price Approx. 2,000–3,000 yen each
• Not subject to MSRP pricing.
• No suggested retail price has been set.
• Any prices given here do not prevent retailers from setting their own shelf prices.
Available November 3, 2009
Sales area Greater Tokyo (Tokyo Metropolitan, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba Prefectures)
Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe area (Osaka, Hyogo, and Kyoto Prefectures)
Aichi Prefecture

*NOTE*: All the photos of this supposed blue rose surely do look mauve in color to me. Not truly a blue rose.
More little known facts;
The first recorded use of rose as a name for a color was in English in 1382.
The various colors are:
Misty Rose
Tea Rose: Used mostly in interior design. It is popular, mostly by women, for bedroom painting.
Persian Pink: This color is well loved in Persia (Iran); so many shades are named after Persia. This color is very popular in women’s fashion.
Rose Pink
Brilliant Rose
Light Thulium Pink
Thulium Pink
Brink Pink
Dogwood Rose or Georgian Rose
Raspberry Rose
Rose Quartz
Rosy Brown
Old Rose
Rose Gold
Chestnut or Indian Red
Copper Rose
Rose Vale
Cordovan : a rich medium dark shade of rose.
Rose Taupe
Rosewood: named after the Rosewood
Rose Ebony

This is a part List Of Roses Named After People;
Among the individuals who have had roses named after them are the following:
Alex Nordstrom
Arlene Francis
Audrey Hepburn
Barbara Bush
Barbara Mandrel
Barbara Streisand
Belmonte Rose : named for Francesca Elbrick di Belmonte, daughter of Prince Belmonte
Betty White
Billy Graham
Bing Crosby
Bob Hope
Brenda Lee
Caroline de Monaco named for Princess Caroline
Cary Grant
Charlotte Rampling
Chris Evert
Christian Dior
Christopher Marlowe
Crown Princess Mary named for Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
Claudia Carindale
Daniel Hicks
David Austin
Diana, Princess of Wales named for Diana, Princess of Wales
Dolly Parton
Duchess of Cornwall named for Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
Elizabeth Taylor
Freddie Mercury
George Burns
Gina Lollobrigida
Ginger Rogers
Harry Wheatcroft
Henry Hudson
Heidi Klum
Ingrid Berman
James Mason
Jacqueline du Pre
Jeanne d’ Arc
Judy Garland
Lady Diana
Liv Tyler
Lucille Ball
Lynn Anderson
Maria Callas
Mary Queen of Scots
Marilyn Monroe
Minnie Pearl
Nancy Regan
Princess de Monaco named for Princess Grace
Queen Elizabeth
Queen Nefertiti named for Nefertiti
Reba McEntire
Rosie O’Donnell
Royal William (rose) named for prince William of Wales
William Shakespeare
The List of Roses Named After People is extensive and on-going….
Bastani, Persian rosewater ice cream is served between wafers as an ice cream sandwich. The color rose is popular as rose petals, vitamin C rich rose hips and sugar are mixed together in Iranian cuisine with various spices to make rose colored and flavored jams, sauces and syrups.
Rose history;
– the father of Botany Theophrastus (371-286 BC) first classified and identified plants. In his classic books Enquiry into plants and De Causis Plantarum (The causes of plants) he wrote about a “hundred-petaled rose” and called it centifolia (literally: hundred petals).

– Roman Emperor Nero liked to shower his guests with fresh rose petals. According to the legend, the dense rose-petal cloud nearly suffocated some of the guests.

– In the Middle Ages, it was customary for the wealthy to put rose petals and rose oil in their baths. Many noblewomen carried bouquets of fragrant flowers to cover body odors.

– The early Christians saw a correlation between the five petals of the Rosa sancta and the five wounds of Christ. The red rose stood for Christ’s blood, while the white rose for the Virgin Mary.

– It was in the 17th century that French explorer Samuel de Champlain brought the first cultivated roses to North America.
– The oldest garden rose is the Rosa Gallica Officinalis, the apothecary rose. The oldest garden rose classes include the Albas, Centifolias and Damasks.
– The first patent ever registered for a plant was a patent for a hybridized rose, which gave “ever-blooming” characteristics to the climbing rose. It was issued by the United States Patent Office on August 18th to Henry F. Bosenberg for his “Climbing or Trailing Rose”.

– The largest rose ever bred was a pink rose measuring approximately 33 inches in diameter. It was bred by Nikita K. Rulhoksoffski from San Onofre, California. The world’s largest rosebush is a white Lady Banksia located in Tombstone, Arizona. It’s original root came over from Scotland in 1885. From a single trunk, which is nearly six feet in diameter, it spreads over an arbor that covers over 8,00 square feet, enough to shelter a crowd of 150 people.

– The world’s oldest living rose is believed to be 1,000 years old. It grows on the wall of the Cathedral of Hildesheim in Germany and its presence is documented since A.D. 815. According to the legend, the rosebush symbolizes the prosperity of the city of Hildesheim; as long as it flourishes, Hildesheim will not decline. In 1945 allied bombers destroyed the cathedral, yet the bush survived. Its roots remained intact beneath the debris, and soon the bush was growing strong again.

– The largest private rose garden in the world is in Cavriglia, Italy, and holds over 7,500 different varieties of roses. More about the Cavriglia rose garden and other famous rose gardens.

– The only rose known to have only four petals is Rosa Sericea, brought to Europe form the Himalayas at the end of the nineteenth century.

– The oldest representation of a rose is a fresco in the palace of Minos in Cnossos, Crete. It depicts a five-petaled pink rose dates to about 1450 B.C.

– At first, rose oil was added to medicine to mask their bitter taste. It was only afterwards that the medicinal virtues of rose oil were discovered.

– The first rose to leave the earth was as miniature rose called “Overnight Scentsation” that had been cultivated by IFF researcher Dr. Braja Mookherjee for experiments in space. The rose needed to be small to fit inside Astroculture, a plant growth chamber measuring 17 by 9 by 21 inch enclosure and developed for the middeck of the space shuttle to provides plants with the appropriate temperature, humidity, light, and nutrients during spaceflight. The purpose was to measure how low-gravity would influence the rose’s smell.

– The buds of the smallest rose, “Si”, are the size of a grain of rice.

Roses Introduced in the 1950’s (short list); (From my friends at Rouqe Valley Roses.)

Hybrid Tea
Hybrid Tea

Careless Love
Hybrid Tea
Chrysler Imperial
Hybrid Tea
Dame de Coeur
Hybrid Tea
Eden Rose
Hybrid Tea
Gail Borden
Hybrid Tea

Helen Traubel
Hybrid Tea
Lady Elgin
Hybrid Tea
Lila Vidri
Hybrid Tea

Mme. Louis Laperriere
Hybrid Tea
Modern Times
Hybrid Tea
Hybrid Tea
Oregon Centennial
Hybrid Tea
Queen Elizabeth
Hybrid Tea
Rose Gaujard
Hybrid Tea
Silver Lining
Hybrid Tea
Sterling Silver
Hybrid Tea

Sutter’s Gold
Hybrid Tea
Hybrid Tea
Tom Breneman
Hybrid Tea
Hybrid Tea

Centenaire de Lourdes (Mrs Jones; Delge)

Dairy Maid

Iceberg (Schneewittchen)

Improved Cecile Brunner


Lavender Pinocchio
Little Darling
Ma Perkins


Rosemary Rose

Bit O’ Sunshine


Reflection In My Rose Beds – November 2013

By Stan V. Griep
Consulting Rosarian
Colorado Native Rosarian
Over 40 Years of Rose Growing Experience
Webmaster: The Colorado Rosarian Website

 As I looked back through some of my roses bloom smile captures of this year, I took a look back at this year and even took a look back a bit further. This year saw my wife and I making the decision to down size. It was time to leave the big house with all those stairs. It was way past time to get into a smaller, ranch style home with far less stairs to deal with. In doing so I had to leave my rose beds at the other place behind, along with our wildflower garden and other flower and veggie gardens. In our hunt for a new place to call home I wanted to be sure and have at some area for some roses and flowers to enjoy. Well we were able to find just such a place. The dwelling itself had been very well cared for by the previous owner too.  There were several rosebushes here already but not a one of them had any identification as to what their names were. I did manage to find one name tag during the Spring clean up.  Good thing too as she was a real puzzler to find out her name! I was delighted to find that one of the rosebushes was indeed Peace. An older well established bush that had not been well cared for in a while, a bit of pruning out of the old dead canes and some good food and water and she came shining through with many a pretty bloom smile. It was a nice experience to see each one bloom and then go about identifying each one. Some just did not perform well and thus towards the end of the season they were removed, giving me some spots for other roses that I have enjoyed in the past or some new ones I always wanted to meet in person.

I truly grew up in rose beds/gardens as I helped my grandmothers and mother tend to their roses. Those memories are some of my earliest good memories. They each had some different ways of doing things and also some that were totally the same. The loving care I witnessed them give their roses and the soul re-charging joy they got from their roses embedded itself deep within my heart and soul. My mother still to this day gets the most beautiful smile on her face talking about the roses and enjoys my photo captures of them very much. My father was a good farmer for much of his life and enjoyed it. One of his other enjoyments in life was photography. I not only grew up learning about farming of various types but also got to spend some time with him working with the cameras of the day and seeing how things turned out in his own little darkroom.  Call me weird but I enjoyed the smells of the darkroom, the various trays of chemicals that the photo papers were dipped in to bring the captures to life and such still stroll back across my sense of smell and jog my memories to this day. Dad taught me a lot about not just taking a picture but also looking for that special angle and that special lighting that is always there, if a person is just willing to do what it takes to capture it.

It all really comes together in a personal enjoyment of art. There is a form of art in every rose and flower bloom smile, in many different scenes of nature that we walk right by on a daily basis. Capturing and sharing each work of art in such a way as to catch it at its finest viewing moment is likened to holding your baby for the first time. The chills of delight hit you hard and run soul deep! The neat thing is, each time you behold those captures the chill of delight returns. That is what every true artist hopes for in their work. My favorite artist to behold his work is my own Father God. He allows me to behold many beautiful works each moment of each day of each month and year.

I know there are some that I miss and that is sad, we all miss some and I am sure that saddens him as well. But oh the delight and chills when we do catch the beauty of his works of art, mere tiny probably microscopic bits of what Heaven is. Thus I look back with some delightful memories as I look at the many bloom smiles I have beheld and captured to enjoy over and over again. All tempered with just a small touch of sadness over those things the events of life’s path did not allow me the time or attitude to enjoy.

As I look forward to the end of another year and the beginnings of another year, I will be focusing hard on trying not to miss very many of the works of art Father God puts forth for my viewing pleasure, and the soul re-charging it is meant to bring. In the coming year I have made the decision to change up my path of life to take some steps back as well. Back to the times of just growing, caring for and photographing the roses and flowers bloom smiles of my wife and I’s gardens here at our new to us place, just like I used to do many years ago with those whom touched my life deeply during those times along this path of life. I will still help others with their rose growing, selection and care questions as I maintain my ties to some gardening websites as their on-staff Consulting Rosarian. The limited monies I have to spend will no longer go towards paying dues to national and local rose societies or other interest groups as that takes away from the money available to buy new roses and plants, as well as the fertilizers and soils amendments needed to keep them all healthy and happy. One has to stop and realize that a piece of paper with your name upon it saying that you are a Certified Consulting Rosarian does not mean that you do not know anything about properly growing them without it. There are many folks, some that I know well personally, that have never had any paper certificates yet know enough about caring for roses to fill many books! There are good means available today to share knowledge with others, to share the beauty beheld with others. Social media like Facebook, interactive gardening websites and maintaining a personal website allow for sharing of knowledge and photographic works of art. Times do indeed change and we all change as well. For instance, it gives me a bit of a laugh to think of the changes over the years in types of cameras and how easy it has gotten to work with the photos.  I am sure you will agree with me on this.

So my friends 2014 for this old rose man will be a rebirth of sorts. Stepping back to take a new approach forward is not a bad thing. It allows one the time to reflect on what has worked and what is truly broken. It allows one to walk the path around that brick wall instead of continuing to bang your head against it. The hurts administered by that brick wall are not the fault of the wall but indeed are self inflicted! I am looking forward to enjoying the beautiful works or art bloom smiles of the new roses and plants my wife and I bring to our gardens and rose beds this coming year.  A new yet old approach at things should make for a nice stroll along the path of life, not only with my dear wife of many years, but also those whom either choose to walk there with me for a ways or by chance find the same path.

I wish you all well in your walks along this path of life in all ways, always.

Gemini - (Floral Beauty) - Hybrid Tea Rose - As Captured By: Stan V. Griep - {Award Winning Photo}
Gemini – (Floral Beauty) – Hybrid Tea Rose – As Captured By: Stan V. Griep – {Award Winning Photo}

Rose Growing Terms and Information





Rose & Garden Terms:

Rose World Words Defined:


Asexual Production – the producing of new plants by any method but seeds.

Balled – a term used to describe a rose bud that has not opened properly and has rotted.

Bare Root – a dormant, pruned plant that is sold without soil.

Basal Break – a strong, new cane growing from the bud union.

Blind Shoot – a non-flowering growth that must be removed to enable the plant to expend its energy on creating flowers rather than foliage.

Botanical Name – the Latin, scientific name of a plant, which includes the genus and species.

Bud Union – the swelling on the bottom of a plant stem where the graft is joined with the rootstock.

Climber – a vigorously growing variety of rose that has canes of up to 20 feet in length. Climbers are often sports of bush forms of Hybrid Teas and Floribundas. Training the long canes in a horizontal position will produce more blooms. A climber does not attach to but must be tied onto a trellis or support.

Cultivar – a contraction of the term “cultivated variety”. A plant that has been bred or cultivated by man and is not found growing wild in nature.

Deadhead – to prune off the older dead or spent blooms. Pruning back the stem to an outward facing bud will encourage the rosebush to produce more growth and buds for blooms. Unless ornamental hips are desired in the fall, most roses should be regularly deadheaded to bring forth repeat blooming.

Dieback – this is when tips, shoots or canes die, due to disease or damage such as winter freezing of the canes.

Disbudding – the removal of some of the buds on a rosebush to encourage fewer but larger blooms.

Dormancy – the temporary stop in growth during the winter months.

Floribunda – rosebushes that produce clusters of blooms all season long and are generally bushier and more disease resistant than Hybrid Teas. Floribundas usually grow to about 3 feet high.

Graft – the point where the rootstock and the desired variety of rose were joined to grow as one rosebush.

Grandiflora – tall and vigorous rosebushes growing up to 8 feet tall, they have the flower form of the Hybrid Tea but the hardiness and cluster blooming of the Floribunda.

Hardiness – the resilience of a plant to cold, drought or disease.

Heirloom – a plant or seed variety that has been passed down through the generations.

Heirloom Rosesall roses that were in existence before the introduction in 1867 of La France, the very first hybrid tea rose.

Hips – the seedpod or fruit of the rose. Hips are produced in a wide assortment of bright fall colors and shapes and are generally more predominant in old garden roses that flower once a year.

Hybrid – the offspring that is the result of the crossing of two different species, cultivars or varieties; this is usually produced artificially in cultivation.

Mulch – an organic material, such as pine needles, home compost, rotted manure, grass clippings, shredded leaves, shredded bark or straw which protects the plant from weeds, water evaporation and changes in soil temperature and enriches and improves the texture and structure of the soil. (Shredded Cedar mulch is an excellent mulch material.)

Old Garden Rose – the types of roses that existed before 1867, most of these bloom only once and are very fragrant.

Own-root – a rose that grows on its own roots, propagated through cuttings or seeds, rather than being grafted onto rootstock.

Pesticide – any chemical used by man to control pests of any kind. Fungicides, Herbicides and Insecticides are part of this group.

Procumbent – a plant that trails along the ground.

Ramblers – Ramblers are not sports like climbers; they are a distinct type of rose. Ramblers have flexible canes and flower once in early summer on canes that grew the previous year. They are very vigorous and can grow 30 feet in every direction.

Remontant – a plant that blooms continuously or is repeat blooming.

Rootstock – the understock or base of the plant onto which the variety of rose is grafted. Some common rootstocks are Dr. Huey, Multiflora and Fortuniana (a warm climate rootstock).


Rosarian hobbyists or professionals who specialize in the cultivation of roses and the enjoyment thereof.

Rose Propagation – to dig up rooted shoots from the main plant or to take cuttings of a specimen plant.

Self-sowing – plants that propagate themselves by dropping seeds to produce new plants the next year.

Shovel Pruning – digging up and discarding an unwanted rosebush from the garden.

Soil Amendment – any organic material that is added to the soil to improve and enrich its texture, nutrition and draining quality.

Soil pH – the measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of the soil with 0 – 6.9 being acidic, 7 is neutral and 7.1 – 14 being alkaline. Roses seem to do their best in soil that is a little on the acidic side at 6.5 pH.

Species Roses – roses that grow in the wild.

Sport – an unusual change in growth or color that can occur on an established variety, usually the result of a natural mutation. A climbing rose is an example of a growth sport.

Spray – a group of blooms on a single stem.

Standard – a standard is another term for tree rose. A variety of rose is grafted onto an understock stem.

Sucker – An unwanted growth that comes from below the bud union on a grafted rose. This is the growth of the understock and must be removed. Suckers usually have leaves of a different color and shape than that of the cultivar. It is important to rip off the sucker directly from the rootstock; simply cutting it off will stimulate it to re-grow.

Wind-rock – winter winds can loosen the roots of roses making them more susceptible to damage. Shortening the long canes of roses in the fall will reduce the risk.


A Few Measurement Conversions: 


1 Tablespoon  = 3 Teaspoons


1 fl. oz. = 2 Tablespoons or 6 teaspoons 


6 fl. ozs.  = ¾ cup


1 ½ Tablespoons in 3 gallons of water  = 1 ½ teaspoons in 1 gallon of water.


2 Tablespoons in 3 gallons of water = 2 teaspoons in 1 gallon of water.







The Myth of Day Watering

Per Robert Cox, Horticulture Agent, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension.

Still showing up in some popular garden literature is the notion that “day-watering can burn plants.”  The notion says that sunlight is “magnified by the water drop on the leaf to cause a leaf burn.

Anyone who ever burned ants using a magnifying glass and the sun knows that the magnifying glass did not burn the ant if it were placed directly on the ant.  Rather, it had to be held a distance (focal distance) from the ant to concentrate the sun’s rays enough to burn the ant.

If this notion were true, all gardeners would cover all their plants prior to every rainstorm.

Farmers would not be able to prevent widespread “leafburn” after rain clouds gave way to sunshine.  The root of this notion may have come from the effects of applying poor-quality water high in dissolved salts.  As water drops evaporated from leaves,the salts left behind could cause a leaf burn.

These are but a few of many claims and examples of conventional wisdom offered to the gardening public.

Ever since gardens were planted, observations and anecdotal claims have been offered to improve garden success.  Some of these may be myths in Colorado but good advice in other areas of the country.  Be cautious of label and advertising claims for garden products and skeptical of what you hear–and read!


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