Training Climbing Rosebushes

Training Climbing Rose bushes

By Stan V. (Stan the Rose Man) Griep
American Rose Society Certified Consulting Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
Denver Rose Society Member

Whenever I see pictures of roses climbing up an ornate trellis or arbor, climbing up the side of an old structure, old fence or even up and along an old stone wall, it stirs up the romantic and nostalgic juices within me. I imagine it does the same for many folks due to the number of photos and paintings there are of such scenes. Creating such scenes does not just merely happen in most cases, it takes some real effort and an ever vigilant rose loving gardener.

Just as it is with raising our children, it is of the utmost importance to start early on in helping guide them as to the proper way to go, training them to follow a good path. First on the list with our rose bushes is to pick the area and structure desired for the climbing roses. The structure being an ornate or plain trellis, arbor, fence, building wall or stone wall/fence, then the area being a place with good sunshine, well-drained soils and a place where we really want an eye-catching focal point in our garden or landscape. Next on the list is selecting the ones that have the color or colors desired, bloom form desired, fragrance and habit desired. We kind of need to stand back and look at the desired area with whatever the climbing structure is in place. Create a vision or mind painting of what our desired outcome is.

After purchasing the climbing rose bushes that meet our needs, the training begins. I like to use either a rubbery wire reinforced rope or stretchy vinyl type tie off material to attach the canes of the rosebush to the structure selected. While holding the canes in place nicely it also allows some flexibility so as not to damage the canes as they fill out and grow. Even with this flexibility the ties will need to be changed out at some point due to growth. We need to wait for the canes to grow enough to tie them off and train them to go in the direction of best support that fits our earlier mind painting. Canes that grow out and too far away from the structure initially can be either pruned out, or monitored for a while as they grow to see if they can be brought back into line and trained in the desired path. Do not make the mistake of letting them go too long though, as unruly canes can make for more work later. Also do not make the mistake of waiting too long to tie off / train even the canes that are going in the right direction, as they too can become unruly in what seems like the blink of an eye. Once they become unruly either our mind painting must change to allow some redirection, or we will need to prune them back and wait upon new growth to guide things back as desired. For training our rose bushes up the side of a building or stone wall, we will need to provide some anchoring sets to tie off to. This can be done by drilling some small holes along the desired training path and setting an expansion or glue in type anchor, perhaps a friction fit type. I prefer either expansion type anchors or glue in type as they do not ten to work loose with wind and growth movement like the friction fit ones seem to do.

I have been called over to do a garden visit at the homes of some folks that just moved into a new to them home where the climbing roses have turned into untamed monsters! This can and will happen if we do not stay vigilant of what the rosebush is doing. This can also happen if the main person tending to them gets ill or passes away. Others do not know how to tend to the roses and they start growing however they wish to without any form of guidance. It really does not take long for the once beautiful mind painting creation turns into a jumbled up mess. There are times when such a mess can be returned to being a vision of beauty but it takes considerable work to get it done. Lots of pruning, stepping back to look at things, lots more pruning, then finally back to where things need to be. With some of the older climbing roses this type of heavy pruning will also mean sacrificing many blooms, as these older climbers only bloom on what is called the “old wood” which refers to the previous season’s growth. Even so, it is best to do the work and bring the beautiful vision back. In some cases, like one I personally worked on, the bush has just gotten way too out of control. The owner wanted it totally chopped down and removed as it had become a destructive monster to her. I asked her to allow me to try to bring it all back prior to removing the bush. I got an apprehensive okay. Late that fall after the bush had started going dormant, the canes were all pruned out and down to within 6 inches of the ground. Drastic move you say? Maybe, maybe not. The following spring the rosebush did indeed send up new growth. The new growth was gradually tied and trained to a nice new ornate trellis which would then trail out onto the fence line on either side. Thus returning to a vision of beauty over time that would cause delight again instead of the feelings of frustration and depression it had come to cause.

Climbing rose bushes are indeed work, they will demand your attention for some time to come rest assured of that. If you are up for the challenge you will be richly rewarded not only by the beauty you behold, but also the ooo’s and ahh’s of delight from garden visitors and those enjoying your photos of the vision of beauty your efforts have created.

Roses Of 2013_June
Blaze Improved Climbing Rosebush – Photo by Stan V. Griep – 2013
Roses Of 2013_June
Blaze Improved Climbing Rosebush – Peaking through porch side of lattice – Photo by Stan V. Griep – 2013

Ever Heard Of Rose Pickers Disease?

Rose Pickers Disease Is Very Real

By Stan V. (Stan the Rose Man) Griep
American Rose Society Certified Consulting Rosarian – Rocky Mountain District
Denver Rose Society Member

I had never heard of Rose Pickers Disease or the Sporothrix schenckii fungus until about 8 years ago now. Had someone told me about Rose Pickers Disease before then I would have thought they were joking with me due to me being a Rosarian. However the disease and the fungus became very real to me when my dear mother fell into a climbing rosebush in her back yard. She got several puncture wounds from that fall and a few nasty cuts. Some thorns had also broken off in her skin. We cleaned her up well removing the thorns and using hydrogen peroxide on the wounds, we thought we had done a good and thorough job. We soon learned we had not! My mother started to develop these hard bumps under the skin that were itchy and then painful, eventually breaking open to drain. I will spare you the rest of the nasty details. We took her to the doctor and then to a specialist that was also a surgeon. The entire ordeal went on for nearly two years with antibiotic drugs, other drugs and surgeries to remove the nodules. Had we taken her to the doctor as soon as possible, be it against her will, perhaps we could have saved her the nasty experience but also perhaps not. The first doctors were perplexed by what they saw and the specialist surgeon told me that he was going to write a medical paper on the entire situation. That is when it really hit me that what we were dealing with was extremely serious.

Researching the disease and the fungus that causes it again for this article did give me the chills I must admit….. Here is some medical information on it for you;

Sporotrichosis is a chronic infection characterized by nodular lesions of the subcutaneous tissue and the adjacent lymphatics that make pus, digest the tissue and then drain. Some of the diseases that may be caused by Sporothrix are:

 lymphocutaneous infection: localized lymphocutaneou sporotrichosis
 Osteoarticular sporotrichosis – the bones and joints may become infected
 Keratitis – the eye(s) and adjacent areas may become infected
 Systemic infection – sometimes the central nervous system is invaded as well
 Pulmanary sporotrichoisis, this is caused by the inhalation of the conidia (fungal spores). Seen in about 25% of the cases.

Sporothrix typically lives as an organism that obtains nutrients from dead organic matter such as wood, decaying vegetation (such as rose thorns), Sphagnum moss, animal feces and in the soil. Sporothrix is especially abundant in areas where Sphagnum moss is abundant, such as in central Wisconsin. It is only rarely transmitted to humans, however when the Sphagnum moss is collected and used for floral arrangements and such uses where it is handled a lot the right conditions are provided for the transmission in some manner. For further medically related information please take a look at this link > http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/sporotrichosis

This article on “Rose Pickers Disease” brings to the forefront the need for safety while we work out in our gardens. The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) reports that emergency rooms treat more than 400,000 garden tool related accidents each year. Taking proper care of our hands and arms while working in the garden is extremely important to helping prevent accidents. Wearing those heavy and hot gloves while pruning may feel like a huge inconvenience, they truly do provide us with some great protection. There are rose pruning gloves on the market these days that are not so heavy really and have protecting sleeves on them that extend up the arm for good protection. The thorn on a rose stem or cane provides an excellent device for transmitting infectious material into your skin, as is seen with Rose Pickers Disease from the fungus Sporothrix schenckii.

Should you be poked, scratched or pricked by rose thorns, and you will be if you grow roses for any length of time, take care of the wound properly and right away. If the poke, scratch or prick draws blood, it is definitely deep enough to cause problems, even if it did not draw blood it could still lead to problems. Do not make the mistake of thinking that treatment of the wound can wait while you finish your pruning or other garden chores. I understand that it is an inconvenience to drop everything, go treat a “boo-boo” as we heard them called as children, then go back to work. However it truly is very important, if nothing else do it for this old rose man.
Perhaps it would be worth your while to create a little medical station of your own for the garden. Take a small plastic paint bucket and add some hydrogen peroxide, individually wrapped gauze pads, wound cleaning wipes, tweezers, Bactine, Band-Aids, eye-wash drops and whatever else you think appropriate in the bucket. Take your own little Garden Medical Station with you each time you go out to work in the garden, then treating a wound does not require travel to the house to take care of it. Keep an eye on the wound, even if you think you took care of things properly at the time. If it becomes reddish, swollen or more painful get yourself in to see your doctor!

Enjoy gardening in a safe and thoughtful manner, after all our garden friends need our shadow there!

Reflection In My Rose Beds – November 2013

By Stan V. Griep
Consulting Rosarian
Colorado Native Rosarian
Over 40 Years of Rose Growing Experience
Webmaster: The Colorado Rosarian Website
 

 As I looked back through some of my roses bloom smile captures of this year, I took a look back at this year and even took a look back a bit further. This year saw my wife and I making the decision to down size. It was time to leave the big house with all those stairs. It was way past time to get into a smaller, ranch style home with far less stairs to deal with. In doing so I had to leave my rose beds at the other place behind, along with our wildflower garden and other flower and veggie gardens. In our hunt for a new place to call home I wanted to be sure and have at some area for some roses and flowers to enjoy. Well we were able to find just such a place. The dwelling itself had been very well cared for by the previous owner too.  There were several rosebushes here already but not a one of them had any identification as to what their names were. I did manage to find one name tag during the Spring clean up.  Good thing too as she was a real puzzler to find out her name! I was delighted to find that one of the rosebushes was indeed Peace. An older well established bush that had not been well cared for in a while, a bit of pruning out of the old dead canes and some good food and water and she came shining through with many a pretty bloom smile. It was a nice experience to see each one bloom and then go about identifying each one. Some just did not perform well and thus towards the end of the season they were removed, giving me some spots for other roses that I have enjoyed in the past or some new ones I always wanted to meet in person.

I truly grew up in rose beds/gardens as I helped my grandmothers and mother tend to their roses. Those memories are some of my earliest good memories. They each had some different ways of doing things and also some that were totally the same. The loving care I witnessed them give their roses and the soul re-charging joy they got from their roses embedded itself deep within my heart and soul. My mother still to this day gets the most beautiful smile on her face talking about the roses and enjoys my photo captures of them very much. My father was a good farmer for much of his life and enjoyed it. One of his other enjoyments in life was photography. I not only grew up learning about farming of various types but also got to spend some time with him working with the cameras of the day and seeing how things turned out in his own little darkroom.  Call me weird but I enjoyed the smells of the darkroom, the various trays of chemicals that the photo papers were dipped in to bring the captures to life and such still stroll back across my sense of smell and jog my memories to this day. Dad taught me a lot about not just taking a picture but also looking for that special angle and that special lighting that is always there, if a person is just willing to do what it takes to capture it.

It all really comes together in a personal enjoyment of art. There is a form of art in every rose and flower bloom smile, in many different scenes of nature that we walk right by on a daily basis. Capturing and sharing each work of art in such a way as to catch it at its finest viewing moment is likened to holding your baby for the first time. The chills of delight hit you hard and run soul deep! The neat thing is, each time you behold those captures the chill of delight returns. That is what every true artist hopes for in their work. My favorite artist to behold his work is my own Father God. He allows me to behold many beautiful works each moment of each day of each month and year.

I know there are some that I miss and that is sad, we all miss some and I am sure that saddens him as well. But oh the delight and chills when we do catch the beauty of his works of art, mere tiny probably microscopic bits of what Heaven is. Thus I look back with some delightful memories as I look at the many bloom smiles I have beheld and captured to enjoy over and over again. All tempered with just a small touch of sadness over those things the events of life’s path did not allow me the time or attitude to enjoy.

As I look forward to the end of another year and the beginnings of another year, I will be focusing hard on trying not to miss very many of the works of art Father God puts forth for my viewing pleasure, and the soul re-charging it is meant to bring. In the coming year I have made the decision to change up my path of life to take some steps back as well. Back to the times of just growing, caring for and photographing the roses and flowers bloom smiles of my wife and I’s gardens here at our new to us place, just like I used to do many years ago with those whom touched my life deeply during those times along this path of life. I will still help others with their rose growing, selection and care questions as I maintain my ties to some gardening websites as their on-staff Consulting Rosarian. The limited monies I have to spend will no longer go towards paying dues to national and local rose societies or other interest groups as that takes away from the money available to buy new roses and plants, as well as the fertilizers and soils amendments needed to keep them all healthy and happy. One has to stop and realize that a piece of paper with your name upon it saying that you are a Certified Consulting Rosarian does not mean that you do not know anything about properly growing them without it. There are many folks, some that I know well personally, that have never had any paper certificates yet know enough about caring for roses to fill many books! There are good means available today to share knowledge with others, to share the beauty beheld with others. Social media like Facebook, interactive gardening websites and maintaining a personal website allow for sharing of knowledge and photographic works of art. Times do indeed change and we all change as well. For instance, it gives me a bit of a laugh to think of the changes over the years in types of cameras and how easy it has gotten to work with the photos.  I am sure you will agree with me on this.

So my friends 2014 for this old rose man will be a rebirth of sorts. Stepping back to take a new approach forward is not a bad thing. It allows one the time to reflect on what has worked and what is truly broken. It allows one to walk the path around that brick wall instead of continuing to bang your head against it. The hurts administered by that brick wall are not the fault of the wall but indeed are self inflicted! I am looking forward to enjoying the beautiful works or art bloom smiles of the new roses and plants my wife and I bring to our gardens and rose beds this coming year.  A new yet old approach at things should make for a nice stroll along the path of life, not only with my dear wife of many years, but also those whom either choose to walk there with me for a ways or by chance find the same path.

I wish you all well in your walks along this path of life in all ways, always.

Gemini - (Floral Beauty) - Hybrid Tea Rose - As Captured By: Stan V. Griep - {Award Winning Photo}
Gemini – (Floral Beauty) – Hybrid Tea Rose – As Captured By: Stan V. Griep – {Award Winning Photo}

Stans’ Rose “Rev Up” Mix & Process

Are your rosebushes heat stressed, transplant stressed or just plain seem tired?

 Try This!

 Stan’s “Rose Rev Up” Mix

In 1 ½ or 2 gallon container full of water mix the following ingredients:

1/4 – Cup of Epsom Salts

3 – Tablespoons Super Thrive

Root Stimulator of choice as directed on the label for 1 ½  or 2 gallons of water.

Work 1/3 to ½ cup of Kelp Meal into the soils around each rosebush.

Pour half of the container of Rev Up mix around the base of each rosebush, over the area where the kelp meal was added. Wait an hour or two and water in well with watering wand.

Note: Let water for making this mix stand for an hour or so as to let the chlorine dissipate a bit if you have high chlorine in your water.

Tropicana - Hybrid Tea Rose Blooms - "Wedding Romance" - Photo by Stan V. Griep
Tropicana – Hybrid Tea Rose Blooms – “Wedding Romance” – Photo by Stan V. Griep

Rose Oil from Rose Petals

Rose Petals for Rose Oil

 

By Stan V. “Stan the Rose Man” Griep

Colorado Native Consulting Rosarian

Over 40 years of experience growing roses. 

 

Making rose oil out of the petals of roses has been very important to the country of Bulgaria, particularly to Kazanlak, Bulgaria, where they have an annual Rose Festival to celebrate the rose. An area known as the “Rose Valley” in Kazanlak is a region located just south of the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria.  The rose valley is famous for its rose growing industry, roses have been cultivated there for centuries, and rose valley produces 85% of the world’s rose oil. Bulgarian rose oil is the highest of quality to be found anywhere in the world, quite superior to any other countries rose oil in fact. The extracts (also known as attar) are a precious ingredient of fine perfumes and liqueurs world-wide. They are also used for flavoring lozenges and scenting ointments and toiletries.

 

The rose gathering process, traditionally the women’s responsibility, requires great dexterity and patience. The rose blooms are carefully cut one by one and laid in willow baskets which are then sent to the distilleries. The gathering process is conducted in the morning when the essential oils are at their peak in the rose petals. The season for gathering of the roses runs from May to June, lasting only about 25 days, beginning slowly and increasing as the roses bloom more abundantly. The pink colored roses are the best for the making of the purest and highest quality rose oil. Out of 5500 to 6000 pounds of the pink colored rose petals collected approximately 2 pounds of rose oil is produced. Thus you can see why Bulgaria’s superior rose oil goes for around $300.00 for one (1) fluid ounce!   

 

Rose oil belongs to Rosaceae family (Rosaceae), genus Rosa L., subgenus Cynorodon, Section Gallicanae. Roses grown for the purpose of making rose oil are grown in 4 species — Rosa damascena, Rosa centifolia (stolistna rose), Rosa gallica and Rosa alba (From the descendants of Rosa damascene.).  While there are more than 5000 varieties of roses, only a few of them exhibit that distinct fragrance that is sought by the perfumeries of the world. The process of actually getting the rose oils is one of steam distillation. The heat used in the distillation process must be carefully monitored and controlled. The aroma of the extracted rose oil can be ruined if the heat has been too high.

 

An amazing Lady she is this Queen of Flowers, the Rose…….

Simple Soils Testing For Home & Garden

HOME SOILS TESTING

 

 

 

Hand Soil Test

Testing your soil by hand is a simple process and involves no special skills or equipment. Pick up a handful of soil and feel it. Rub it between your fingers. If the soil feels rough and grainy, it is sand. If the soil is sticky, it is clay. If the soil feels slippery with small gravel pieces, it is silt.
Form a clump with the soil sample, and then try to crumble it. The ability of the sample to crumble will determine its type.

 

Jar Soil Test

 

Supplies You Will Need:


1 quart jar with lid
½ quart soil sample

1 tsp. liquid dish soap

Masking tape
clean water
a ruler

The jar test may take three to four days to complete.

You will need a quart jar or larger. Add two inches of soil to the jar and fill 2/3 of the way with water. Mix in 1 tsp. of liquid dish soap seal. Shake the mixture. Wait for one minute and allow the soil to settle. First, measure the bottom layer. This is the sand layer. After waiting for two hours, you may measure the middle layer, the silt. To measure the clay layer, you must let the jar sit for several days, then measure. Whichever layer is the largest is the majority of your soil type. {Place a piece of masking tape vertically from top of jar to bottom of jar to measure thickness of each layer of soil.}

 

 For more thorough soils testing contact Colorado State University at:

Soil and Crop Sciences Department & Coordinating with CSU Extension

Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
(970) 491-5061(office)
(970) 491-2930(fax)

Website: http://www.extsoilcrop.colostate.edu/SoilLab/soillab.html


Gardening with Arthritis and other such Ailments

Gardening with Arthritis and other such Ailments
A few things to remember to make it easier on you:

·         Work during the time of day that you feel best. For example, if you feel stiff in the morning, then save gardening activities for the afternoon.

·         Avoid working in the same position or doing the same activity for long periods of time. Switch tasks every 30 minutes or so and take 15 minute breaks every hour. Taking periodic stretch breaks can also ease tension and reduce stiffness.

·         If you feel significant pain, stop the activity and wait until you feel better before continuing. If you feel pain the day after gardening, then reduce the difficulty and duration of activity you do the next time.

·         When possible, use larger, stronger joints and muscles. For example, use palms instead of fingers to push or pull, and use arms or shoulders instead of hands to carry things.

·         When possible, use larger, stronger joints and muscles. For example, use palms instead of fingers to push or pull, and use arms or shoulders instead of hands to carry things.

·         Avoid pinching, squeezing, or twisting motions. Avoid activities or tools that put direct pressure on fingers or thumbs.

·         Weed the garden after irrigating or rain, as moist soil makes it easier to pull weeds with less resistance.

·         As hard as it may be to do… Ask for help with tasks that are difficult or cause excess stress.

·         If you must work close to the ground, place only one knee on the ground and keep back straight. When possible, use a stool or kneeling pad.

·         Use mulch in the garden to reduce the need to water.

·         Have a storage area or tool shed close to the garden so that tools are close at hand.

·         Make sure the garden has a nearby water source so that hoses and watering cans don’t have to be carried far. Using drip irrigation systems can alleviate the need to drag hoses and sprinklers around the yard, reducing the strain on joints.

 

Tool Tips 

 

·         Keep pruners sharp to make cutting easier.

·         Wear a carpenter’s apron with several pockets for carrying small tools.

·         Widen tool handles with foam tubing or grip tape to make them easier to grasp.

·         Avoid doing any activities that require gripping for long periods of time.

·         Use a wheelbarrow or cart to haul tools and supplies around the garden.

·         Use ergonomic tools that have long or extendable handles to avoid bending or stooping.

·         When working close to the soil, use tools with short handles that are lighter and easier to manage. Small, lightweight children’s sized tools may be easier to use.

 

                                             

                                                                     

  

Rose Growing Terms and Information

BettyBoopStansGZ

 

 

 

Rose & Garden Terms:

Rose World Words Defined:

  

Asexual Production – the producing of new plants by any method but seeds.

Balled – a term used to describe a rose bud that has not opened properly and has rotted.

Bare Root – a dormant, pruned plant that is sold without soil.

Basal Break – a strong, new cane growing from the bud union.

Blind Shoot – a non-flowering growth that must be removed to enable the plant to expend its energy on creating flowers rather than foliage.

Botanical Name – the Latin, scientific name of a plant, which includes the genus and species.

Bud Union – the swelling on the bottom of a plant stem where the graft is joined with the rootstock.

Climber – a vigorously growing variety of rose that has canes of up to 20 feet in length. Climbers are often sports of bush forms of Hybrid Teas and Floribundas. Training the long canes in a horizontal position will produce more blooms. A climber does not attach to but must be tied onto a trellis or support.

Cultivar – a contraction of the term “cultivated variety”. A plant that has been bred or cultivated by man and is not found growing wild in nature.

Deadhead – to prune off the older dead or spent blooms. Pruning back the stem to an outward facing bud will encourage the rosebush to produce more growth and buds for blooms. Unless ornamental hips are desired in the fall, most roses should be regularly deadheaded to bring forth repeat blooming.

Dieback – this is when tips, shoots or canes die, due to disease or damage such as winter freezing of the canes.

Disbudding – the removal of some of the buds on a rosebush to encourage fewer but larger blooms.

Dormancy – the temporary stop in growth during the winter months.

Floribunda – rosebushes that produce clusters of blooms all season long and are generally bushier and more disease resistant than Hybrid Teas. Floribundas usually grow to about 3 feet high.

Graft – the point where the rootstock and the desired variety of rose were joined to grow as one rosebush.

Grandiflora – tall and vigorous rosebushes growing up to 8 feet tall, they have the flower form of the Hybrid Tea but the hardiness and cluster blooming of the Floribunda.

Hardiness – the resilience of a plant to cold, drought or disease.

Heirloom – a plant or seed variety that has been passed down through the generations.

Heirloom Rosesall roses that were in existence before the introduction in 1867 of La France, the very first hybrid tea rose.

Hips – the seedpod or fruit of the rose. Hips are produced in a wide assortment of bright fall colors and shapes and are generally more predominant in old garden roses that flower once a year.

Hybrid – the offspring that is the result of the crossing of two different species, cultivars or varieties; this is usually produced artificially in cultivation.

Mulch – an organic material, such as pine needles, home compost, rotted manure, grass clippings, shredded leaves, shredded bark or straw which protects the plant from weeds, water evaporation and changes in soil temperature and enriches and improves the texture and structure of the soil. (Shredded Cedar mulch is an excellent mulch material.)

Old Garden Rose – the types of roses that existed before 1867, most of these bloom only once and are very fragrant.

Own-root – a rose that grows on its own roots, propagated through cuttings or seeds, rather than being grafted onto rootstock.

Pesticide – any chemical used by man to control pests of any kind. Fungicides, Herbicides and Insecticides are part of this group.


Procumbent – a plant that trails along the ground.

Ramblers – Ramblers are not sports like climbers; they are a distinct type of rose. Ramblers have flexible canes and flower once in early summer on canes that grew the previous year. They are very vigorous and can grow 30 feet in every direction.

Remontant – a plant that blooms continuously or is repeat blooming.

Rootstock – the understock or base of the plant onto which the variety of rose is grafted. Some common rootstocks are Dr. Huey, Multiflora and Fortuniana (a warm climate rootstock).

 

Rosarian hobbyists or professionals who specialize in the cultivation of roses and the enjoyment thereof.


Rose Propagation – to dig up rooted shoots from the main plant or to take cuttings of a specimen plant.

Self-sowing – plants that propagate themselves by dropping seeds to produce new plants the next year.

Shovel Pruning – digging up and discarding an unwanted rosebush from the garden.

Soil Amendment – any organic material that is added to the soil to improve and enrich its texture, nutrition and draining quality.

Soil pH – the measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of the soil with 0 – 6.9 being acidic, 7 is neutral and 7.1 – 14 being alkaline. Roses seem to do their best in soil that is a little on the acidic side at 6.5 pH.

Species Roses – roses that grow in the wild.

Sport – an unusual change in growth or color that can occur on an established variety, usually the result of a natural mutation. A climbing rose is an example of a growth sport.

Spray – a group of blooms on a single stem.

Standard – a standard is another term for tree rose. A variety of rose is grafted onto an understock stem.

Sucker – An unwanted growth that comes from below the bud union on a grafted rose. This is the growth of the understock and must be removed. Suckers usually have leaves of a different color and shape than that of the cultivar. It is important to rip off the sucker directly from the rootstock; simply cutting it off will stimulate it to re-grow.

Wind-rock – winter winds can loosen the roots of roses making them more susceptible to damage. Shortening the long canes of roses in the fall will reduce the risk.

  

A Few Measurement Conversions: 

  

1 Tablespoon  = 3 Teaspoons

 

1 fl. oz. = 2 Tablespoons or 6 teaspoons 

 

6 fl. ozs.  = ¾ cup

 

1 ½ Tablespoons in 3 gallons of water  = 1 ½ teaspoons in 1 gallon of water.

 

2 Tablespoons in 3 gallons of water = 2 teaspoons in 1 gallon of water.

 

 

 

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The Myth of Day Watering

Per Robert Cox, Horticulture Agent, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension.

Still showing up in some popular garden literature is the notion that “day-watering can burn plants.”  The notion says that sunlight is “magnified by the water drop on the leaf to cause a leaf burn.

Anyone who ever burned ants using a magnifying glass and the sun knows that the magnifying glass did not burn the ant if it were placed directly on the ant.  Rather, it had to be held a distance (focal distance) from the ant to concentrate the sun’s rays enough to burn the ant.

If this notion were true, all gardeners would cover all their plants prior to every rainstorm.

Farmers would not be able to prevent widespread “leafburn” after rain clouds gave way to sunshine.  The root of this notion may have come from the effects of applying poor-quality water high in dissolved salts.  As water drops evaporated from leaves,the salts left behind could cause a leaf burn.

These are but a few of many claims and examples of conventional wisdom offered to the gardening public.

Ever since gardens were planted, observations and anecdotal claims have been offered to improve garden success.  Some of these may be myths in Colorado but good advice in other areas of the country.  Be cautious of label and advertising claims for garden products and skeptical of what you hear–and read!

 

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